11 ECSHOP PHP随机验证码

<?php
//session_start();
//要在相关目录下新建几张背景图片即可
//$captchas	=	new captcha();
//$word		=	$captchas->generate_word(8);
//$image		=	$captchas->generate_image();
//if($image==false){
//	echo 'false';
//}
//其中存储的SESSION值使用base64_encode加密
class captcha
{
    /**
     * 背景图片所在目录
     *
     * @var string  $folder
     */
    var $folder     = "data/captcha/";
 
    /**
     * 图片的文件类型
     *
     * @var string  $img_type
     */
    var $img_type   = 'png';
 
    /*------------------------------------------------------ */
    //-- 存在session中的名称
    /*------------------------------------------------------ */
    var $session_word = 'captcha_word';
 
    /**
     * 背景图片以及背景颜色
     *
     * 0 => 背景图片的文件名
     * 1 => Red, 2 => Green, 3 => Blue
     * @var array   $themes
     */
    var $themes_jpg = array(
        1 => array('captcha_bg1.jpg', 255, 255, 255),
        2 => array('captcha_bg2.jpg', 0, 0, 0),
        3 => array('captcha_bg3.jpg', 0, 0, 0),
        4 => array('captcha_bg4.jpg', 255, 255, 255),
        5 => array('captcha_bg5.jpg', 255, 255, 255),
    );
 
    var $themes_gif = array(
        1 => array('captcha_bg1.gif', 255, 255, 255),
        2 => array('captcha_bg2.gif', 0, 0, 0),
        3 => array('captcha_bg3.gif', 0, 0, 0),
        4 => array('captcha_bg4.gif', 255, 255, 255),
        5 => array('captcha_bg5.gif', 255, 255, 255),
    );
 
    /**
     * 图片的宽度
     *
     * @var integer $width
     */
    var $width      = 130;
 
    /**
     * 图片的高度
     *
     * @var integer $height
     */
    var $height     = 20;
 
    /**
     * 构造函数
     *
     * @access  public
     * @param   string  $folder     背景图片所在目录
     * @param   integer $width      图片宽度
     * @param   integer $height     图片高度
     * @return  bool
     */
    function captcha($folder = '', $width = 145, $height = 20)
    {
        if (!empty($folder))
        {
            $this->folder = $folder;
        }
 
        $this->width    = $width;
        $this->height   = $height;
 
        /* 检查是否支持 GD */
        if (PHP_VERSION >= '4.3')
        {
 
            return (function_exists('imagecreatetruecolor') || function_exists('imagecreate'));
        }
        else
        {
 
            return (((imagetypes() & IMG_GIF) > 0) || ((imagetypes() & IMG_JPG)) > 0 );
        }
    }
 
    /**
     * 构造函数
     *
     * @access  public
     * @param
     *
     * @return void
     */
    function __construct($folder = '', $width = 145, $height = 20)
    {
        $this->captcha($folder, $width, $height);
    }
 
 
    /**
     * 检查给出的验证码是否和session中的一致
     *
     * @access  public
     * @param   string  $word   验证码
     * @return  bool
     */
    function check_word($word)
    {
        $recorded = isset($_SESSION[$this->session_word]) ? base64_decode($_SESSION[$this->session_word]) : '';
        $given    = $this->encrypts_word(strtoupper($word));
 
        return (preg_match("/$given/", $recorded));
    }
 
    /**
     * 生成图片并输出到浏览器
     *
     * @access  public
     * @param   string  $word   验证码
     * @return  mix
     */
    function generate_image($word = false)
    {
        if (!$word)
        {
            $word = $this->generate_word();
        }
 
        /* 记录验证码到session */
        $this->record_word($word);
 
        /* 验证码长度 */
        $letters = strlen($word);
 
        /* 选择一个随机的方案 */
        mt_srand((double) microtime() * 1000000);
 
        if (function_exists('imagecreatefromjpeg') && ((imagetypes() & IMG_JPG) > 0))
        {
            $theme  = $this->themes_jpg[mt_rand(1, count($this->themes_jpg))];
        }
        else
        {
            $theme  = $this->themes_gif[mt_rand(1, count($this->themes_gif))];
        }
		//print_r($theme);
        if (!file_exists($this->folder . $theme[0]))
        {
            return false;
        }
        else
        {
            $img_bg    = (function_exists('imagecreatefromjpeg') && ((imagetypes() & IMG_JPG) > 0)) ?
                            imagecreatefromjpeg($this->folder . $theme[0]) : imagecreatefromgif($this->folder . $theme[0]);
            $bg_width  = imagesx($img_bg);
            $bg_height = imagesy($img_bg);
 
            $img_org   = ((function_exists('imagecreatetruecolor')) && PHP_VERSION >= '4.3') ?
                          imagecreatetruecolor($this->width, $this->height) : imagecreate($this->width, $this->height);
 
            /* 将背景图象复制原始图象并调整大小 */
            if (function_exists('imagecopyresampled') && PHP_VERSION >= '4.3') // GD 2.x
            {
                imagecopyresampled($img_org, $img_bg, 0, 0, 0, 0, $this->width, $this->height, $bg_width, $bg_height);
            }
            else // GD 1.x
            {
                imagecopyresized($img_org, $img_bg, 0, 0, 0, 0, $this->width, $this->height, $bg_width, $bg_height);
            }
            imagedestroy($img_bg);
 
            $clr = imagecolorallocate($img_org, $theme[1], $theme[2], $theme[3]);
 
            /* 绘制边框 */
            //imagerectangle($img_org, 0, 0, $this->width - 1, $this->height - 1, $clr);
 
            /* 获得验证码的高度和宽度 */
            $x = ($this->width - (imagefontwidth(5) * $letters)) / 2;
            $y = ($this->height - imagefontheight(5)) / 2;
            imagestring($img_org, 5, $x, $y, $word, $clr);
 
            header('Expires: Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT');
 
            // HTTP/1.1
            header('Cache-Control: private, no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate');
            header('Cache-Control: post-check=0, pre-check=0, max-age=0', false);
 
            // HTTP/1.0
            header('Pragma: no-cache');
            if ($this->img_type == 'jpeg' && function_exists('imagecreatefromjpeg'))
            {
                header('Content-type: image/jpeg');
                imageinterlace($img_org, 1);
                imagejpeg($img_org, false, 95);
            }
            else
            {
                header('Content-type: image/png');
                imagepng($img_org);
            }
 
            imagedestroy($img_org);
 
            return true;
        }
    }
 
    /*------------------------------------------------------ */
    //-- PRIVATE METHODs
    /*------------------------------------------------------ */
 
    /**
     * 对需要记录的串进行加密
     *
     * @access  private
     * @param   string  $word   原始字符串
     * @return  string
     */
    function encrypts_word($word)
    {
        return substr(md5($word), 1, 10);
    }
 
    /**
     * 将验证码保存到session
     *
     * @access  private
     * @param   string  $word   原始字符串
     * @return  void
     */
    function record_word($word)
    {
        $_SESSION[$this->session_word] = base64_encode($this->encrypts_word($word));
    }
 
    /**
     * 生成随机的验证码
     *
     * @access  private
     * @param   integer $length     验证码长度
     * @return  string
     */
    function generate_word($length = 4)
    {
        $chars = '23456789ABCDEFGHJKLMNPQRSTUVWXYZ';
 
        for ($i = 0, $count = strlen($chars); $i < $count; $i++)
        {
            $arr[$i] = $chars[$i];
        }
 
        mt_srand((double) microtime() * 1000000);
        shuffle($arr);
 
        return substr(implode('', $arr), 5, $length);
    }
}
 
?>

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